CE is abbreviated from the French "Communate Europpene", which means European Community, referred to as European Union. The CE mark is a legally mandatory mark in the EU market. Whether it is a product produced by an EU enterprise or a product produced in another country, if it is to be freely circulated in the EU market, it must be affixed with the CE mark to show that the product conforms to the EU "Technical Coordination and Standardization New Method" (The New Approach to The basic requirements of technical harmonization and standardization) instructions.
Products without the CE mark are not allowed to be sold on the market. Products that have been affixed with the CE mark and entered the market shall be ordered to be taken back from the market if they are found to not meet the safety requirements. Those who continue to violate the CE mark provisions of the directive will be restricted or prohibited from entering the EU market or Forced to withdraw from the market.
Basic information of CE certification
Mandatory: Mandatory + self-declaration
Certificate validity period: no validity period
Factory inspection requirements: no requirements
Certificate holder requirements: no requirement
Technical information: voltage frequency AC 230V, 50Hz /60Hz, plug European standard CEE 7/7 & 7/16 or national standard
CE compulsory certification and CE self-declaration instructions
The vast majority of products can be affixed with the CE mark after the manufacturer adopts a self-declaration of conformity; some products with relatively higher risks require a third-party agency authorized by the EU, namely the Notified Body, to conduct a conformity assessment. The CE mark can only be affixed.
CE certification is available in 33 special economic zones in Europe, including 27 EU EU countries, 4 countries in the European Free Trade Zone, as well as the UK and Turkey. Products with the CE mark can circulate freely in the European Economic Area (EEA).
The specific EU list of 27 EU countries are: Belgium, Bulgaria, Czech Republic, Denmark, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Croatia, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Hungary, Malta, Netherlands, Austria, Poland , Portugal, Romania, Slovenia, Slovakia, Finland, Sweden.
Note 1: EFTA includes four member states of Switzerland (Iceland, Norway, Switzerland and Liechtenstein), but the CE mark is not mandatory in Switzerland;
Note 2: Because of the colonial era, CE certification is widely used and has a high degree of global recognition. Some countries in Africa, Southeast Asia, and Central Asia may also accept CE certification.
Note 3: As of November 2019, Brexit is in progress, and the follow-up results are yet to be determined.
To understand the scope of CE products, you must want to understand the NLF regulations for CE certification. NLF stipulates that products within its scope need to be CE certified. There are currently 22 directives in the EU's new legislative framework NLF, which are as follows:
1. Toy safety-Directive 2009/48/EU
2. Mobile pressure equipment-Directive 2010/35/EU
3. Restriction of hazardous substances in electrical and electronic equipment-Directive 2011/65/EU
4. Construction Products-Regulation No. 305/2011 (EU)
5. Pyrotechnic products-Directive 2013/29/EU
6. Recreational boats and personal watercraft-Directive 2013/53/EU
7. Civilian explosives-Directive 2014/28/EU
8. Simple Pressure Vessel-Directive 2014/29/EU
9. Electromagnetic compatibility-Directive 2014/30/EU
10. Non-automatic weighing instruments-Directive 2014/31/EU
11. Measuring Instruments-Directive 2014/32/EU
12. Lifts-Directive 2014/33/EU
13. Equipment and protection systems for potentially explosive atmospheres-Directive 2014/34/EU
14. Radio Equipment-Directive 2014/53/EU
15. Low voltage-Directive 2014/35/EU
16. Pressure Equipment-Directive 2014/68/EU
17. Marine equipment-Directive 2014/90/EU
18. Ropeway installations-Regulations (EU) 2016/424
19. Personal protective equipment-Regulation No. 2016/425
20. Gas Appliances-Regulation (EU) 2016/426
21. Medical Devices-Regulation No. 2017/745
22. In vitro diagnostic medical equipment, specifications (EU) 2017/746
Note: NLF refers to the EU's new legislative framework, the full name "New Legislative Framework" is the EU's provisions to strengthen the market supervision framework and accreditation system for products. In addition to the unified definition of the concept, specific provisions have been made for national accreditation agencies and accreditation systems, the European Community market regulatory framework, product market access control, general rules for the use of signs, and European Community funding.
After familiarizing with the regulatory framework, we can classify the corresponding products. The scope of CE certification is very wide. Generally speaking, most products export to the EU require CE certification. CE certification is mandatory for electronic products and toys exported to Europe, such as:
Power supply: communication power supply, charger, display power supply, LCD power supply, UPS, etc.;
Lamps and lanterns: chandeliers, track lights, garden lights, portable lights, downlights, string lights, table lamps, grille lights, aquarium lights, street lights, energy-saving lamps, T8 tubes, etc.;
Home appliances: fans, electric kettles, stereos, televisions, mice, vacuum cleaners, etc.;
Electronics: earplugs, routers, mobile phone batteries, laser pointers, vibrating sticks, etc.;
Communication products: telephones, wired telephones and wireless main and auxiliary machines, fax machines, telephone answering machines, modems, data interface cards and other communication products.
Wireless products: Bluetooth BT products, wireless keyboards, wireless mice, wireless readers, wireless transceivers, wireless microphones, remote controls, wireless network devices, wireless image transmission systems and other low-power wireless products, etc.;
Wireless communication: 2G mobile phones, 3G mobile phones, 3.5G mobile phones, DECT mobile phones (1.8G, 1.9G frequency band), etc.;
Machinery: gasoline engine, electric welding machine, CNC drilling machine, tool grinder, lawn mower, washing equipment, bulldozer, elevator, punching machine, dishwasher, water treatment equipment, gasoline welding machine, printing machinery, woodworking machinery, rotary digging Drills, lawn mowers, snow sweepers, excavators, printing machines, printers, cutting machines, road rollers, trowels, brush cutters, hair straighteners, food machinery, lawn machines, etc.;
Medical equipment and toys, etc.
Common electronic and electrical products are:
Low Voltage Directive: Home appliances, IT/AV products, lighting products, etc.
Electromagnetic compatibility instructions: home appliances, IT/AV products, lighting products, etc.
Machinery Directive: All related products
Radio frequency and communication terminal equipment instructions: wireless or communication terminal products
1. The name and address of the manufacturer (EU authorized representative (EU authorized agent)), product name, model, etc.;
2. Product instruction manual;
3. Safety design documents (including key structural drawings, that is, design drawings that can reflect the climbing distance, gap, number of insulating layers and thickness);
4. Product technical conditions (or enterprise standards) and establish technical data;
5. Product electrical schematic diagram, block diagram and circuit diagram, etc.;
6. List of key components or raw materials (please select products with European certification marks);
7. Test report (Testing Report);
8. Relevant certificates issued by the EU authorized certification body NB (for models other than Mode A);
9. The registration certificate of the product in the EU (for some products such as Class I medical devices, general IVD in vitro diagnostic medical devices);
10. CE declaration of conformity (DOC);